In 2018, the Independent Evaluation Unit (IEU) of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) started the multi-year Learning-Oriented Real-Time Impact Assessment (LORTA) programme to keep track of the impact of GCF investments. The goal is to measure if GCF projects lead to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enhanced resilience to climate change, and if so, by how much. This can be measured with the help of rigorous impact assessments. Empirical evidence on impacts of climate-related projects is rather scarce, which adds to the importance of this programme.
The LORTA programme has two particular aims:
- Embedding real-time impact evaluations (IEs) into approved projects so that GCF project managers can quickly access accurate data on the quality of implementation and likelihood of impact
- Building capacity within projects to design high-quality data sets, which aid the measurement of causal change and impact
The LORTA programme not only informs on the returns of GCF investments, it also helps GCF projects track implementation fidelity. To do so, LORTA incorporates state-of-the-art approaches for measuring results and informing effectiveness and efficiency into funded projects. It employs mixed-methods approaches that involve quantitative and qualitative data collection methods and analysis.
Theory-based counterfactual impact assessments are based on experimental or quasi-experimental research designs; real-time measurement systems and qualitative data help project teams measure progress in implementation and provide rapid lessons even during early stages of the projects.
In 2018, seven projects were selected for strengthening impact measurement and tracking implementation fidelity. The seven projects focus on climate information services, REDD+ and adaptation.
In 2019, the IEU supported a further five additional projects that were selected for their ownership and representativeness, among other criteria.
In 2020, we held a Virtual Design Workshop 2020, a digital form of the workshop, consisting of different parts stretched over a period of eight weeks. This took place from 21 September to 16 November 2020 over a video-conferencing platform. Participants included representatives of AEs, implementing partners and project staff from 16 GCF-funded projects.